'In Search of Jaarj Arwill'
ORWELL MOTIHARI HISTORY & PHOTOS
People across the world hardly knew
the author of 1984 was born here in Bihar.
To Orwell Today,
I am getting in touch because I work at a textbook publisher in Sao Paulo in Brazil. We are producing an audiovisual about the life and work of George Orwell for students in the Literature discipline. Please, I would like to know how we can make use of these photos of George Orwell's house in Motihari. You are cited as the source of the photos in this article:
George Orwell's Birthplace in Motihari to turn Museum
(House and Opium Warehouse to be turned into Orwell Park)
by Amlan Home Chowdhury, The Citizen, Decemter 16, 2018
(photo credit to Jackie Jura, an expert on George Orwell & creator of www.orwelltoday.com)
The heritage house in Motihari in Bihar's East Champaran district where George Orwell was born on June 25, 1903 as Eric Arthur Blair is going to be restored fully from its present dilapidated state. The house, and the opium warehouse where the infant Eric would often be taken by his native nanny, have been handed over to the Bihar Archaeological Department for restoration works. The compound where house and warehouse lie will be made the world's first Orwell Park after complete restoration. The Bihar government is currently in negotiations with the George Orwell Archive at University College London to obtain replica materials and copies of Orwell's manuscripts, letters, diaries, books, photographs and audio recordings. University College London, which houses the world's largest collection of materials and records on Orwell, has expressed its willingness to cooperate with the Bihar government to help it create the Orwell Museum at Orwell Park.
Originally the house, the quarters of the native hukumbardars or khidmatgars (servitors), khansamas (cooks) and maid servants, and the opium warehouse were located across an area of 2.5 acres. When Richard Blair lived here with his wife Ida, daughter Marjorie and little Eric, the compound had only a few cottages belonging to British indigo planters, jute traders and opium dealers. From this now dilapidated warehouse, the opium would be transported to China under the direct supervision of Orwell's father Richard Blair, who was the Sub-Deputy Opium Agent of the British Raj earning a princely salary of Rs 900 per year. He would also get three months' paid holiday every year to go to London. During one such holiday in 1904 Eric, Marjorie and Ida were taken to London by Richard Blair, when the man who would write Animal Farm was just a year old. Orwell and his elder sister Marjorie were both born in this house in Motihari.
Orwell never came back to Motihari. When in Burma (now Myanmar) he tried to come to India but was not allowed to return by the British Raj as he was sympathetic to the Indian freedom struggle. When Orwell was still young, Mooteeharee (today's Motihari) bordering Nepal was an area prone to malaria, typhoid and kala azar, and plagued with mounted dacoits. The arrival of floods in the monsoon was an annual ritual, when the areas around the house and opium warehouse would be knee-deep under water.
Richard Blair, the son of a vicar, joined the Opium Service of the British Raj at the age of 18 and came to Motihari when he was 46 years old. In his time squat little Mooteeharee was known across Bengal Province for poppy cultivation and opium production, and the cultivation of indigo and jute. Hardly any outsider came here. The town then had a Christian cemetery, a jail, post office, a school and a troop of soldiers of the Light Horse Regiment.
Blair's job was quite demanding. He had to travel around Motihari to pay advance money to peasants for cultivating poppy, and discourage them from producing food crops like paddy and wheat. This is something the indigo planters would also do later. The house where Orwell was born did not have a name 115 years ago. However, in those days locals called the area 'Miscourt': a strictly British enclave where no kala aadmi or black man was allowed, other than servants or maids. Now known as Teliapatti, 'Miscourt' probably derives from the words Mess and Court, for there used to be an army mess and a tennis court nearby. The British Raj had established its opium post here way back in 1815, well before Blair's appointment. In 1934 all of Miscourt was shaken very violently by a massive earthquake, which nearly grounded all of North Bihar, North Bengal and Assam. Subsequently, the opium warehouse and the house where of Orwell was born developed cracks and fissures.
People across the world hardly knew the author of 1984 was born here in Bihar. In 1983 the British Journalist Ian Jack first came to Motihari while researching the life of Orwell. Upon going back to England Jack wrote a thought provoking article in the Sunday Times entitled 'In Search of Jaarj Arwill'. The write up resulted in global attention for Motihari and a large number of journalists, researchers and travelers from across the world started thronging Orwell's birthplace. They were dismayed at the ruinous condition of the house where Orwell was born. Subsequently the Bihar government came forward and took the decision to restore the three-roomed house to its original appearance.
~ end quoting Amlan Home Chowdhury, Patna, India ~
If it is possible to use the photos of Orwell's house in Motihari please help in how to licence them.
Thank you very much,
Elisa Rojas, FTD Educacao
Greetings Elisa Rojas,
You have my permission to use photos you find on ORWELL TODAY by citing them to the specific webpage which, in this case would be: "Photo credit to Jackie Jura, creator of Orwell Today website at http://www.orwelltoday.com/orwellmotiharibirthvisit.shtml".
Those photos of Orwell's birthplace in Motihari, Bihar, India appeared for the first time on the worldwideweb back in 2008 when the person who took the photos sent them to ORWELL TODAY and I shared them with readers. See VISITING ORWELL'S INDIA BIRTHPLACE
Seventeen years ago in 2004 -- on the 101st anniversary of Orwell's birth in Motihari on June 25th, 1903 -- a reader from India sent an email explaining that the house where Orwell was born was still standing -- although dilapidated -- and that the person who presently lived there could be convinced to move and then the house could be turned into a memorial dedicated to Orwell. See INDIA SHRINE TO ORWELL
Since then ORWELL TODAY readers from around the world -- especially from India and England -- have written in with their ideas and progress in making Motihari a place of pilgrimage for travellers to pay homage to one of the greatest writers of the 20th century.
Emails and articles are documented in the original INDIA SHRINE TO ORWELL article in ascending order from the bottom of the page to the top. There you will see more photos and more memorials that have been erected in front of the house where Orwell was born.
It's been awhile since I've heard any news from Motihari or anywhere else on what's happening with the Orwell museum project -- until your email with that 2018 article by the journalist from Patna, India, shared above. It contains interesting details about Orwell's father's career there and fascinating history of Motihari itself.
Mucho gracias for your interest in crediting the photos correctly and for sending along that excellent article about Orwell and Motihari.
All the best,
Jackie Jura, October 2021
George Orwell's Birthplace in Motihari to Turn Museum (House and Opium Warehouse to be turned into Orwell Park), by Amlan Home Chowdhury (a journalist with 35 years experience), The Citizen, 16 December 2018
VISITING ORWELL'S INDIA BIRTHPLACE
INDIA SHRINE TO ORWELL
~ an independent researcher monitoring local, national and international events ~