"They prop one another up, like three sheaves of corn."

6. Super-States

The splitting up of the world into three great super-states was an event which could be and indeed was foreseen before the middle of the twentieth century. With the absorption of Europe by Russia and of the British Empire by the United States, two of the three existing powers, Eurasia and Oceania, were already effectively in being. The third, Eastasia, only emerged as a distinct unit after another decade of confused fighting. The frontiers between the three super-states are in some places arbitrary, and in others they fluctuate according to the fortunes of war, but in general they follow geographical lines.

EURASIA comprises the whole of the northern part of the European and Asiatic land-mass, from Portugal to the Bering Strait.

OCEANIA comprises the Americas, the Atlantic islands including the British Isles, Australasia, and the southern portion of Africa.

EASTASIA, smaller than the others and with a less definite western frontier, comprises China and the countries in the south of it, the Japanese islands and a large but fluctuating portion of Manchuria, Mongolia, and Tibet.

The DISPUTED TERRITORIES form a rough quadrilateral with its corners at Tangier, Brazzaville, Darwin and Hong Kong, containing within it about a fifth of the population of the earth.

In one combination or another, these three super-states are permanently at war, and have been so for the past twenty-five years. War, however, is no longer the desperate, annihilating struggle that it was in the early decades of the twentieth century. It was a warfare of limited aims between combatants who are unable to destroy one another, have no material cause for fighting and are not divided by any genuine ideological difference. It follows that the three super-states not only cannot conquer one another, but would gain no advantage by doing so. On the contrary, so long as they remain in conflict they prop one another up, like three sheaves of corn.

None of the three super-states could be definitively conquered even by the other two in combination. They are too evenly matched, and their natural defences are too formidable.

EURASIA is protected by its vast land spaces.
OCEANIA by the width of the Atlantic and the Pacific.
EASTASIA by the fecundity and industriousness of its inhabitants.

Secondly, there is no longer, in a material sense, anything to fight about. Each of the three super-states is so vast that it can obtain almost all the materials that it needs within its own boundaries. It is for the possession of the thickly-populated regions, and of the northern ice-cap, that the three powers are constantly struggling. All of the disputed territories contain valuable minerals, and some of them yield important vegetable products.. But above all they contain a bottomless reserve of cheap labour. Whichever power controls equatorial Africa, or the countries of the Middle East, or Southern India, or the Indonesian Archipelago, disposes also of the bodies of scores or hundreds of millions of ill-paid and hard-working coolies. The inhabitants of these areas, reduced more or less openly to the status of slaves, pass continually from conqueror to conqueror, and are expended like so much coal or oil in the race to turn out more armaments, to capture more territory... to control more labour power... to turn out more armaments... to capture more territory... and so on indefinitely.

None of the three super-states ever attempts any manoeuvre which involves the risk of serious defeat. When any large operation is undertaken, it is usually a surprise attack against an ally. The strategy that all three powers are following, or pretend to themselves that they are following, is the same. The plan is, by a combination of fighting, bargaining, and well-timed strokes of treachery, to acquire a ring of bases completely encircling one or other of the rival states, and then to sign a pact of friendship with that rival and remain on peaceful terms for so many years as to lull suspicion to sleep. During this time rockets loaded with atomic bombs can be assembled at all the strategic spots; finally they will all be fired simultaneously, with effects so devastating as to make retaliation impossible. It will then be time to sign a pact of friendship with the remaining world-power, in preparation for another attack. This scheme, it is hardly necessary to say, is a mere daydream, impossible of realization. Moreover, no fighting ever occurs except in the disputed areas round the Equator and the Pole: no invasion of enemy territory is ever undertaken. This explains the fact that in some places the frontiers between the super-states are arbitrary. Eurasia, for example, could easily conquer the British Isles, which are geographically part of Europe, or on the other hand it would be possible for Oceania to push its frontiers to the Rhine or even to the Vistula. But this would violate the principle, followed on all sides though never formulated, of cultural integrity.

If Oceania were to conquer the areas that used once to be known as France and Germany, it would be necessary either to exterminate the inhabitants, a task of great physical difficulty, or to assimilate a population of about a hundred million people, who so far as technical development goes, are roughly on the Oceanic level. The problem is the same for all three-superstates. It is absolutely necessary to their structure that there should be no contact with foreigners, except, to a limited extent, with war prisoners and coloured slaves. Even the official ally of the moment is always regarded with the darkest suspicion. War prisoners apart, the average citizen of Oceania never sets eyes on a citizen of either Eurasia or Eastasia, and he is forbidden the knowledge of foreign languages. If he were allowed contact with foreigners he would discover that they are creatures similar to himself and that most of what he has been told about them is lies. The sealed world in which he lives would be broken and the fear, hatred, and self-righteousness on which his morale depends might evaporate. It is therefore realized on all sides that however often Persia, or Egypt, or Java, or Ceylon may change hands, the main frontiers must never be crossed by anything except bombs.

ORWELL COINED "COLD WAR" (reader wonders when & where). Apr 1, 2007

100 Influential Chinese Canadians (wield immense influence on every aspect of our society) & CANADA'S TOP 100 CHINESE & Canada pays back Chinese Head Tax (gives $20,000 for $50 paid by immigrants in 1885). VanSun/CTC, Oct 23, 2006


China's colonialists sweep Africa's riches (far more ruthless than Brits ever were) & China's grand safari in Africa (selling weapons for mineral rights). Times, Aug 30, 2006

Looting and anger in Congo capital ("all we want is for the president not to be chosen through weapons"). BBC, Aug 23, 2006 & JFK CRIED FOR CONGO

Trotsky inspired Britain's PM Blair ("I might as well confess"). Telegraph, Mar 2, 2006 & 10 Downing Street press release. Go to TROTSKY AKA BRONSTEIN & ORWELL ON STALIN ON TROTSKY & COMMUNISM'S TRUE BELIEVERS & RUSSIA IS HELL'S INFERNO

Canada Beats Russia 5-0! (World Junior Hockey Champions) & Nyet, nyet for Russia now (gold medal showdown with Canada after Russia wins over USA) & Canadians take cheap shots at USA (shout 'USA sucks - Go Russia go'). Vancouver Sun, Jan 5, 2006. Go to BOO FRIEND, CHEER ENEMY

NASA hands space station to Moscow (Mission Control in hurricane's path) & USA HANDS USSR SPACE STATION. AP, Sep 24, 2005 & USSR USING WEAPONIZED WEATHER. Sunday Times, Aug 8, 2004 & JFK ON WEATHER MASTERY

China's Hu talks tough to Canada's PM (denies spying & warns Canada not to cooperate with Taiwan & to renounce independence for Tibet). Globe & Mail, Sep 11, 2005 & CHINA TALKS TOUGH TO CANADA & TIBET & TIANANMEN TYRANT HU & REMEMBER WHO HU IS

Enter the dragon in Africa's darkest nations (China going after their resources). Sunday Herald, Sep 11, 2005

Stalin's ghost haunts China (USA future secretary of state allowed Red Army to escape). Times, Sep 11, 2005. Go to USA GAVE CHINA PANAMA CANAL

Russia, China expand military cooperation (conerned over USA domination). RadioFreeEurope, Sep 6, 2005

Reader has questions about: LEFT, RIGHT AND SOCIALISM. Jun 16, 2005

Possible referendum on Panama Canal (USA gave canal to Panama in 1999). May 5, 2005. Go to USA GAVE AWAY PANAMA CANAL

China's Canadian Adventure (Chinese espionage & spy activities in energy & raw materials sectors). FrontPageMagazine, May 5, 2005. Go to 7.Systems of Thought & CHINA SPYING ON CANADA & USA

Stalin being rehabilitated in Russia (& Red Army atrocities in Germany & UK/USA carpet-bombing exposed). BBC, Apr 20, 2005. Go to COLD WAR, WARM WAR

USA okays IBM sale to China (in spite of industrial espionage & secrets passing to Chinese military). Guardian, Mar 10, 2005 & China textiles flood USA market (American manufacturing plants closing; thousands of jobs being lost). NewYorkTimes, Mar 10, 2005. Go to IBM = I-BE-MANDARIN & CHINA CLOTHES STRIP AMERICANS

Fears for children in Afghan cold (28,000 people at risk). BBC, Feb 18, 2005. Go to AFGHANISTAN REMEMBERED & IN AFGHAN FIELDS

Reader wonders if life in Oceania will be similiar to Eurasia and Eastasia

China tourism deal is worth the wait (Canada gets Approved Destination Status). Toronto Star, Feb 15, 2005. Go to BEYOND ORWELL & THE CHINESE ARE COMING!

Is "genocide credit' used up? (aid to Rwanda slipping away). Globe & Mail, Jan 24, 2005. Go to ABANDONING RWANDA & MAKING MOVIES

China building strategic sea lanes (all around world including Panama). WashingtonTimes, Jan 21, 2005. Go to 6.Super-States & 12.Minipax & ARMING ENEMIES & USA GAVE CHINA PANAMA CANAL

CHINA RISING: Get ready for China's century (new boss may soon be Beijing government). Go to 7.Systems of Thought & CHINA'S SLAVE LABOURERS. Globe & Mail, Oct 22, 2004 & China flexing it's military muscle (by 2015 China could have 100 nuclear missiles aimed at USA). Go to CHINESE TAKE-OVER

USSR STEALING CANADA'S STEEL (Soviet oligarchs made great fortunes in Russia's 1990s industrial-privatization). Globe & Mail, Oct 14, 2004

Noranda/Minmetal deal sweet taste in mouth (victory celebration dinner held; Canadian wines banned). Globe & Mail, Oct 12, 2004

Canada/Russia sign gas plan (1st step in long-term relationship for Petro-Can & Gazprom). Canada.com, Oct 12, 2004. Go to CANADA BUYING USSR'S GAS

China's disquieting bid for Noranda (Beijing making political demands of us while holding Canadian jobs hostage). Toronto Star, Oct 6, 2004 & Noranda's buyer a human rights abuser (China's Minmetal uses forced prison labour known to AFL/CIO & USA Congress). National Post, Oct 6, 2004. Go to 7.Systems of Thought & LAOGAI IS CHINESE GULAG

Keep Beijing out of Sudbury (security of USA & Canada at stake). National Post, Oct 1, 2004. Go to A NICKEL FOR YOUR KINGDOM

Petrocan CEO meets USSR oil exec (investing in USSR Liquified Natural Gas) & China feeds on Canada's resources (very hungry dragon demands copper-nickel-oil-gas-lumber etc). Globe & Mail, Sep 26, 2004. Go to CHINADA'S SOVIETIZATION

UN blames Rwanda for Congo war (Rwanda says report "total rubbish"). BBC, Jul 21, 2004. Go to RWANDA'S GOOD MAN KAGAME

Big Brother disarms Afghan heroes (militia fought Soviets & Taliban). Baltimore Sun, Jul 12, 2004. Go to 7.Systems & AFGHANISTAN REMEMBERED

Israel shoots football-playing boy (15 armoured vehicles backed by Apache helicopters entered the town). Independent, Jul 2, 2004. Go to ISRAEL RAIDS JERICHO AGAIN

CF-18 drops bomb on Yellowknife (while on way to watch Russian military exercises in Artic). CalgaryHerald, Jun 19, 2004. Go to 7.Systems of Thought & RUSSIAN WAR GAMES ANYONE?

JFK & IMF & EURO SCREWING DOLLAR (dollar in 80-wk low against euro). Reuters, May 29, 2004. Go to 9.Keeping Masses Down


GULLIVER EXPLAINS MONEY & TRADE (rich man enjoys fruit of poor man's labour). Apr 23, 2004. Go to 10.Rulers

GULLIVER DESCRIBES BOMBS & WAR (as applicable now as then). Apr 20, 2004. Go to 13.Weapons & 12.Ministry of Peace & GULLIVER'S TRAVEL TRUTHS

Son of Afghan hero killed (Herat loves leader Ismail Khan for resisting Soviets & Taliban). BBC, Mar 22, 2004. Go to 35.Brotherhood & AFGHANISTAN REMEMBERED

Major Vietnam airport at ex-US base (USA built it for Russia & China). Reuters, Dec 22, 2003

11,000 sick/wounded in Iraq; 457 dead (non-hostile bone injuries, surgeries, heart illness, brain & mental problems). UPI, Dec 21, 2003. Go to IRAQ A MAGICIAN'S TRICK & VIETNAM-KOREA-GULF WARS & UNCLE SAMUEL WANTS YOU! & MAMAS DON'T LET YOUR BABIES SONG

IBM moving jobs to India, China (workers must train overseas replacements). Seattle Post, Dec 15, 2003 & Napalese Maoists get help from India (fighting for communist republic since 1996). BBC, Dec 12, 2003

UK ships took nukes to Falklands. Herald Sun, Dec 7, 2003 & USA wants trade with Panama. Reuters, Dec 7, 2003 & China threatens war on Taiwan. Globe & Mail, Dec 6, 2003. Go to 13.Weapons & FALKLAND PANAMA REVELATIONS & CHICOM HATES FREE TAIWAN

Maoists using landmines in Nepal (made in China, India & Russia). BBC, Dec 3, 2003. Go to 12.Minipax & NEPAL REMEMBERED

China buying German plutonium plant (all the better to make bombs with). Terra Daily, Dec 2, 2003. Go to 13.Weapons & ARMING OUR ENEMIES

USA warship flies Vietnamese flag (in Ho Chi Minh's Vietnam where 58,000 American soldiers died & thousands still missing). Telegraph, Nov 20, 2003. Go to JFK PULLING OUT OF NAM & BAY OF TONKIN LIE

Czech teenagers are human torches (protesting money & power depravity & war, unemployment, poverty). Scotsman, Nov 9, 2003. Go to 9.Keeping Masses Down & GOOD KING WENCESLAS PLEASE LOOK OUT

China preparing war against USA (accelerating modernization of weaponry). Rense.com, Jun 27, 2003 & Red China taking Pentagon tour (as part of military exchange). WashTimes, Jun 27, 2003. Go to 28.Reality Control & ARMING OUR ENEMIES

"We need a New World Order" (say China and Russia, "to oppose United States hegemony"). CNS, May 28, 2003. Go to 2.Big Brother 28.Reality Control

EU gets sweeping new powers (ruling over 25 countries & over-riding Britain's gov't). Telegraph, May 27, 2003

Russia nuke-attacks USA & UK (in practice for real thing). Rense.com, May 16, 2003. Go to 13.Weapons & NUKES GO MAINSTREAM & ARMING OUR ENEMIES

Congo on brink of genocide (UN doing nothing as in Rwanda). Telegraph, May 12, 2003. Go to JFK CRIED FOR CONGO

Europe forming military alliance (incl France-Germany-Russia; to rival USA & Britain). Times, Apr 30, 2003

3.3 million die in Congo (from treatable disease & hunger). Yahoo!AP, Apr 8, 2003. Go to JFK CRIED FOR CONGO

China sabre rattling USA (says Iraq a testing ground for USA weapons & strategy). CNN, Mar 25, 2003. Go to & 28.Reality Control & IRAQ A MAGICIAN'S TRICK

War would be 'catastrophic' for Iraqi children (says fact-finding team report). IPS News, Jan 31, 2003. Go to 12.Ministry of Peace & JFK'S PEACE FOR ALL TIME

CAN/USA/MEX borders s/b dismantled (& made into "internal checkpoints" say CEOs of largest corporations). National Post, Jan 13, 2003. Go to 9.Keeping Masses Down

USA companies sold technology to China (to help launch nuclear weapons capable of hitting America). Wash Post, Jan 1, 2003. Go to 12.Minipax & ARMING OUR ENEMIES

EU welcomes 10 new members (up from 15 to 25 countries). Financial Times, Dec 13, 2002

N Korea issues nuclear threat (sends missiles & warheads to Yemen). BBC, Dec 12, 2002. Go to ARMING OUR ENEMIES

USA B-52s bomb Afghan targets (drop seven 2,000-pound bombs). BBC, Dec 2, 2002. Go to 12.Minipax & AFGHANISTAN REMEMBERED

EU tax for EU citizens (to finance EU federation). EU Observer, Nov 29, 2002

Red China eyes USA ports (their army runs Bahamas & Panama Canal). Insight, Nov 20, 2002. Go to CHINESE TAKE-OVER

N Korea admits nuclear arsenal ("to cope with threats from USA"). BBC, Nov 18, 2002. Go to ARMING OUR ENEMIES

Britons now under EU courts (can be arrested & extradited for offences that aren't crimes). Scotsman, Nov 15, 2002. Go to 21.Crimestop

United States of Europe? (Orwell called it "Eurasia"). London Independent, Oct 29, 2002


North Korea has nuclear bomb (Russia & China sent parts). London Times, Oct 19, 2002

USA built North Korea's reactors (and supplied heavy oil). New York Times, Oct 19, 2002

Israel/USA & Russia arming China (providing spy technology too). Rense.com, Aug 31, 2002. Go to COMMUNISM BY ANY OTHER NAME & SOLZHENITSYN WARNS AMERICA

Israel building 120km West Bank wall (treating people like penned animals). Toronto Star, Jun 17, 2002

China hails Russia-Nato deal (says it's "beneficial to world peace"). China Daily, May 31, 2002

Chinese VP begins USA visit (USA-China friendship to 'last forever'). Yahoo!News, AP, Apr 27, 2002. Go to 7.Systems of Thought

Russia to hold drills with China (high level contacts 'very frequent'). Straits Times Asia, Apr 28, 2002. Go to 7.Systems of Thought

USA Military policing Canada & Mexico (taking in Russia & Antarctica too). Washington Post, Apr 18, 2002

Britain asks to use Communist bases (wants to deploy troops from inside China). The Times, Jan 31, 2002. Go to 28.Reality Control & COMMUNISM BY ANY OTHER NAME...

New laws will turn EU into a superpower. London Telegraph, Nov 14, 2001

APEC leaders find China on hight alert (Bush, Putin & Zemin together in Shanghai). National Post, Oct 19, 2001. Go to 7.Systems of Thought

Terror attacks 'will bring EU closer together'. London Telegraph, Oct 12, 2001

Germany proposes international riot police. Washington Times, Aug 17, 2001

China, Russia sign treaty focusing on Central Asia. Electronic Telegraph, June 16, 2001

Bush urges 'whole and free' Europe. National Post, June 16, 2001

Tiny Solomon Islands reject World Bank and EU aid. Sydney Morning Herald, April 10, 2001

China downs U.S. secret spy plane with 24-crew. Washington Times, April 2, 2001

Russia expels 50 U.S. diplomats in retaliation. Washington Post, March 23, 2001

Jackie Jura
~ an independent researcher monitoring local, national and international events ~

email: orwelltoday@gmail.com
website: www.orwelltoday.com