To Orwell Today,
I was taken aback by the mentioning of Charles Lindberg and Henry Ford in the same sentence as Orwell on the website at one point.
Both of the former were unreconstructed racist bigots - not people for whom Orwell would (at least I hope) have had any sympathy. Both were Nazi-sympathizers, believed in the preservation of the white race (mainly Lindberg), even if they were not outright Nazis. The real threat, Lindbergh believed, came from Asia and Africa and from Russia. "Racial strength is vital," he said, "politics a luxury." In a Readers' Digest article, he wrote, "Only a Western wall of race and arms can hold back the infiltration of inferior blood and permit the white race to live at all in a pressing sea of yellow, black and brown."
George Orwell was a pacifist, but was a vehement anti-fascist/anti-bully. His reasons for pacifism were quite different from those of Ford and Lindberg (I personally believe Orwell was wrong in this regard). I don't have much time for racists, talk of "seas of brown", Nazis or racist rhetoric -- nor do I think Orwell would have had much time for the writings and speeches of either Lindberg or Ford. In short Orwell was absolutely not pro-Nazi or racist, although he would have agreed with some of the objective actions that Ford and Lindberg wanted. Orwell himself writes well about the confusing of people's objective actions, and their subjective feelings in As I Please, Tribune, 8 December 1944
The subjective feelings of Orwell and Lindberg/Ford could not have been further apart.
You don't mention which Ford and Lindbergh sentence on Orwell Today you're referring to but I assume it's in the PRESIDENT LINDBERGH GOES MISSING article.
Most people these days don't know anything about Henry Ford and Charles Lindbergh other than that one invented the 1903 Model T, Tin Lizzy - and the other was the first person in the world to fly nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean, doing it from New York to Paris in an airplane named the Spirit of Saint Louis (pronounced Lewey) in 1927.
The majority don't know that in their day Ford and Lindbergh were major heroes in America who later became objects of hate by Jewish people who attempted, with their press, to ruin their reputations so thoroughly that it is now politically incorrect to even talk about Ford or Lindbergh, other than in disparaging tones.
Henry Ford was an American hero for providing millions of jobs on the assembly line (which he invented) at his car factory in the town of Dearborn, Michigan (a suburb of Detroit) and for paying high enough wages so that everyone working for him could afford to buy a car. He hired many new immigrants who were arriving in the United States - all from Europe - and insisted that they learn English and become American citizens, and even had ceremonies where they climbed into a barrel in their traditional clothes and came out the other side wearing American clothes. His employees and their families - he was one of the largest employers in America - loved working for him. He made the factory at Dearborn into its own little city with a hospital and company housing which people could afford to buy. He became independently wealthy from all the cars he was selling - they were the car version of America's dream to have "a chicken in every pot" in that there was going to be "a car in every driveway". He was so wealthy that he never needed to rely on borrowing money from the banks and was in a position to say and do what he wanted with his company, the Ford Motor Company, and with his opinions on matters of national interest, the main one being that he didn't want America joining the First or Second World Wars.
Ford was an isolationist, not a pacifist. He had nothing against Hitler or Germany and considered the main threat to world peace to be from Stalin and the Soviet Union. In his opinion, if Hitler wanted to go and fight Stalin, let him go do it. Hitler, on his part, admired Henry Ford for his "socialism" and modelled his "Volkswagon" (Peoples' Car) on Ford's car.
After the First World War, which turned out to be a horror show of death and destruction with the Western World losing much of Europe to Russia which by that time had been taken over by the Communists, Ford became outspoken on who he blamed for the war and for the spreading of war-fever in America. He blamed Jews who he said had a secret plan to take over the world, the plan of which he'd read in a book entitled THE PROTOCOLS OF ZION, which he tried to get published but no newspaper or magazine would print it, being as they were, all owned by Jews. So Ford published the Protocols himself under the title THE INTERNATIONAL JEW in a newspaper he formed called the DEARBORN INDEPENDENT. He put copies and requests for subscriptions in every showroom and vehicle he sold. Jewish organizations like the ADL - the Anti Defamation League (meaning a person can't defame Jews) tried to get him to stop publishing the Protocols and when he wouldn't they found a technicality to take him to court on another matter - by saying he slandered a certain Jew - and that stretched into a major lawsuit against him, resulting, in the end, by Ford being driven off the road in his Tin Lizzy and having to drag himself out of the ditch and walk miles to get home. After that he stopped publishing and apologised to the complainant. But he never changed his opinion or his belief that the Protocols of Zion were a true plan for tyrannical world government by Jews. Today, the Protocols of Zion is available for purchase through Amazon.com which has not been boycotted the way Ford was back in 1920-22.
Charles Lindbergh was a hero for being humble about his accomplishment of flying solo across the Atlantic and also for flying the Spirit of St. Louis all over America to show it to the people. The plane is encased in glass (figuratively) in the Smithsonian Museum in Washington, DC. Lindbergh was also renowned at the time for being a contributor of many ideas to the further advancement of flight, ie bigger planes and longer distances, so more people could fly. He became friends with Henry Ford who trusted him to take him up in his airplane - the first time he had ever flown.
Lindbergh was as popular as a movie-star in many ways and his every move was talked about in the newspapers, including the birth of his first child, a son. When that baby was kidnapped twenty months later and then two months later found murdered, the whole nation went into shock. After that, Lindbergh moved to England from where he went to Germany to see their airplanes and meet their inventors and pilots. This was before the Second World War when there was no law against traveling to Germany or liking Germans, although at this time the war-agitators were setting the tone for war. But his travels and friendship with Germans was turned against him in the press back home and he was accused of being a "Nazi and anti-Semite" when he accepted the award Germany gave him in recognition of his contributions to flight - the Service Cross of the German Eagle. The Jews insisted he give it back and Lindbergh insisted on keeping it. After England declared war on Germany and started World War Two, Lindbergh became an outspoken opponent of the United States entering the war. He joined a political group called "America First" and went around the country making anti-war speeches, the most famous of which was delivered on September 11th (9/11), 1941 in which he blamed Jews for wanting America to enter World War Two and that Jews would profit from it. See LINDBERGH'S 9/11 SPEECH.
After that speech Lindbergh became the most hated man in America, by the Jews, and he was even ridiculed by President Roosevelt, the crypto war-mongerer who won a third term in office by promising Americans he wouldn't send their boys to be killed in someone else's war in Europe, a promise he totally betrayed no sooner was he elected, by allowing Pearl Harbour to be bombed after egging on the Japanese to do so.
A recent book entitled THE PLOT AGAINST AMERICA by one of America's most acclaimed writers, Philip Roth, is all about how the Jews still hate Lindbergh (whose been dead for thirty years) and is so vehement against him it's a wonder his family hasn't sued for defamation of character. See again PRESIDENT LINDBERG GOES MISSING. It purports to be fiction even though it uses real people and real events in its plot. Apparently the name for this type of writing is "alternate history" although Orwell called it "falsification of the past" which was about "Big Brother" rewriting history in the "Ministry of Truth". That was Winston's job in the "Records Deparment".
Although Ford and Lindbergh were isolationists, they were not pacifists. In both the First and Second World Wars, when Americans were drawn into the battle - formerly by the the sinking of the Lisitania and latterly by the bombing of Pearl Harbour, Ford and Lindbergh contributed to the war effort in their own way - Ford by building tanks etc at the Dearborn plant and Lindbergh by instructing pilots privately after Roosevelt refused to let him sign up for action, hating him as much as the Jews did.
As regards to Orwell and his attitude toward Hitler and the Second World War, he was actually no different than Ford and Lindbergh. He was an isolationist and was hoping Chamberlain's appeasement of Hitler would be a success. During the build-up to WWII Orwell was recuperating from a tuberculosis attack in Morocco while writing the book COMING UP FOR AIR which was all about how the multinational corporations and the "blimps" were pushing England into a war with Germany. But, like Ford and Lindbergh also, Orwell was not a pacifist, and when the war started he threw his shoulder to the wheel for his country and continually tried to join up to fight the enemy but was deemed physically unfit. He still did what he could for the war effort by joining the Home Guard where he carried the rank of sergeant and attempted to teach civilians how to protect themselves and their country. He wanted the populace armed with guns and hand grenades but the "blimps" (ex colonial and first-world-war soldiers who filled the officer ranks) were against an armed population (fearing, no doubt, that after the war they'd turn those guns against the government in revolution, something Orwell thought should happen). See ORWELL WAS ARMED.
And Orwell, like Ford and Lindbergh also, wasn't anti-Hitler, he was anti-Stalin. Orwell tried to bring to the English people's attention the fact that the so-called "Western World" - the Capitalists - were helping Lenin's Communists (under the murdering brute Stalin) destroy Europe. This is what his book "Animal Farm" is all about, and which he wrote during World War Two and which no one would publish until AFTER the war, at which time England was again pretending to be enemies with the Communists, and now pretending to itself be Socialist - ie the Labour Party had won the post-war election and was in power. See ORWELL'S PUBLISHING PROBLEMS. Germany had been divided into pieces, a major part of it having been handed to Communist Russia, along with Poland which was the reason England had entered the war in the first place, ie to "protect" it from Hitler. There was no thought of "protecting" it from Stalin. Orwell wrote essays and articles during and after the war describing atrocities perpetrated against Germans by the allied powers. See ORWELL'S WAR WRITINGS.
As well, like Ford and Lindbergh also, Orwell was accused sometimes of being an anti-Semite for some of the things he said about Jews in articles he wrote over the years. He talked about the Protocols of Zion and wasn't opposed to people believing the book was true. See ORWELL ON ANTI-SEMITISM and ANTI-SEMITISM IN BRITAIN.
In his own way, in "1984", Orwell describes a version of a Jewish plan for world domination in "the book" by Emmanuel Goldstein. See GOLDSTEIN CONSPIRACY FOR WORLD DOMINATION.
Orwell's opinion toward Hitler was somewhat similiar to that of Ford and Lindbergh, in that he was one of the few people who would admit to not hating him (another was John Fitzgerald Kennedy in his diary written after visiting Hitler's Eagles Nest after the War). Here's what Orwell said about Hitler in a 1940 article that many people have criticized him for and for which he has been accused of being pro-Hitler, Fascist and a Nazi:
Mein Kampf, by Adolph Hitler
review by George Orwell
New English Weekly, March 21, 1940
excerpted from The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell,
Volume II, My Country Right or Left
"It is a sign of the speed at which events are moving that Hurst and Blackett's unexpurgated edition of Mein Kampf, published only a year ago, is edited from a pro-Hitler angle. The obvious intention of the translator's preface and notes is to tone down the book's ferocity and present Hitler in as kindly a light as possible. For at that date Hitler was still respectable...
On the internal evidence of Mein Kampf, it is difficult to believe that any real change has taken place in Hitler's aims and opinions. When one compares his utterances of a year or so ago with those made fifteen years earlier [when Mein Kampf was written], a thing that strikes one is the rigidity of his mind, the way in which his world-view doesn't develop. It is the fixed vision of a monomaniac and not likely to be much affected by the temporary manoeuvres of power politics. Probably, in Hitler's own mind, the Russo-German Pact represents no more than an alteration of time-table. The plan laid down in Mein Kampf was to smash Russia...
It is easy to say that at one stage of his career Hitler was financed by the heavy industrialists, who saw in him the man who would smash the Socialists and Communists. They would not have backed him, however, if he had not talked a great movement into existence already. Again, the situation in Germany, with its seven million unemployed, was obviously favourable for demagogues. But Hitler could not have succeeded against his many rivals if it had not been for the attraction of his own personality, which one can feel even in the clumsy writing of Mein Kampf, and which is no doubt overhwhelming when one hears his speeches. I should like to put it on record that I have never been able to dislike Hitler. Ever since he came to power--till then, like nearly everyone, I had been deceived into thinking that he did not matter-- I have reflected that I would certainly kill him if I could get within reach of him, but that I could feel no personal animosity. The fact is that there is something deeply appealing about him. One feels it again when one sees his photographs-- and I recommend especially the photograph at the beginning of Hurst and Blackett's edition, which shows Hitler in his early Brownshirt days. It is a pathetic, dog-like face, the face of a man suffering under intolerable wrongs. In a rather more manly way it reproduces the expression of innumerable pictures of Christ crucified, and there is little doubt that that is how Hitler sees himself. The initial, personal cause of his grievance against the universe can only be guessed at; but at any rate the grievance is there. He is the martyr, the victim, Prometheus chained to the rock, the self-sacrificing hero who fights single-handed against impossible odds. If he were killing a mouse he would know how to make it seem like a dragon. One feels, as with Napoelon, that he is fighting against destiny, that he can't win, and yet that he somehow deserves to. The attraction of such a pose is of course enormous; half the films that one sees turn upon some such theme.
Also he has grasped the falsity of the hedonistic attitude to life. Nearly all western thought since the last war, certainly all "progressive" thought, has assumed tacitly that human beings desire nothing beyond ease, security and avoidance of pain. In such a view of life there is no room, for instance, for patriotism and military virtues. The Socialist who finds his children playing wilth soldiers is usually upset, but he is never able to think of a substitute for the tin soldiers; tin pacifists somehow won't do. Hitler, because in his own joyless mind he feels it with exceptional strength, knows that human beings don't only want comfort, safety, short working-hours, hygiene, birth-control and, in general, common sense; they also, at least intermittently, want struggle and self-sacrifice, not to mention drums, flags and loyalty-parades. However they may be as economic theories, Fascism and Nazism are pshychologically far sounder than any hedonistic conception of life. The same is probably true of Stalin's militarised verison of Socialism. All three of the great dictators have enhanced their power by imposing intolerable burdens on their peoples. Whereas Socialism, and even capitalism in a more grudging way, have said to people "I offer you a good time," Hitler has said to them "I offer you struggle, danger and death," and as a result a whole nation flings itself at his feet. Perhaps later on they will get sick of it and change their minds, as at the end of the last war. After a few years of slaughter and starvation "Greatest happiness of the greatest number" is a good slogan, but at this moment "Better an end with horror than a horror without end" is a winner. Now that we are fighting against the man who coined it, we ought not to underrate its emotional appeal." [end quoting from Orwell review of Mein Kampf]
The above sentiments by Orwell are similarily expressed in that AS I PLEASE article you directed me to. In that essay Orwell says he isn't fascist, capitalist, communist, pacifist or anarchist etc, but that if a person in England said anything bad against Stalin (Communism) he was accused of being a Fascist supporting Hitler. He said, "Nobody is searching for the truth, everybody is putting forward a 'case' with complete disregard for fairness or accuracy, and the most plainly obvious facts can be ignored by those who don't want to see them....To admit that an opponent might be both honest and intelligent is felt to be intolerable. It is more immediately satisfying to shout that he is a fool or a scoundrel, or both, than to find out what he is really like. It is this habit of mind, among other things, that has made political prediction in our time so remarkably unsuccessful."
Orwell's sentiments can be applied to the way history is falsifying the legacies of Ford, Lindbergh and in some ways, Orwell himself, with accusations that they were racist, fascist or pacifist because of their comments on Jews, Hitler, and World Wars One and Two. In reality, they were patriots to their own nations who wanted freedom and peace, not tyranny and war, for all mankind. They all knew, from their own experiences and studies of history, that war is generally "waged for reasons quite other than the declared ones" and is mainly a means of "keeping the wheels of industry turning without increasing the real wealth of the world." See 11.Ministry of Peace and 10.Ministry of Plenty.
All the best,
Reader says my article about Ford, Lindbergh, Orwell & Hitler is ignorant, bigoted & anti-Semitic
Ford announces deep production cuts (21% reduction, closing 14 plants, shedding 25,000-30,000 jobs, losing out to Asian competition). ABC News, Aug 20, 2006. Go to 9.Keeping Masses Down
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